What is Pyrolysis?

Pyrolysis is the chemical decomposition of a condensed substance by heating in the absence of Oxygen, and it is most commonly used for organic materials, called bio masses. It occurs at various high temperatures for different kinds of bio masses. In shorter terms, pyrolysis uses organic material and makes it into usable energy by heating at high temperatures. 

Pyrolysis of bio masses result in bio char and bio oil. These are both usable energy sources. They can be used as safe, environment-friendly fuel options. Pyrolysis also provides an opportunity for the processing of agricultural residues, wood wastes and municipal solid waste into clean energy. Bio char could also make a big difference in the fossil fuel emissions worldwide. It is an important figure in the carbon market because of its clean production technology. Pyrolysis is often used in the chemical industry. It is used for example, to produce charcoal and activated carbon, to turn waste into safely disposable substances, and to produce gasoline from hydrocarbons. Many different kinds of bio masses can be used in pyrolysis like soybeans, sunflowers, corn, and much more!

Why Pyrolysis?
Worldwide, it is estimated that one billion scrap tires are produced every year.  Instead of burning the tires, the system roasts them at a lower temperature in an atmosphere devoid of oxygen (so that no actual burning will occur).  This method of roasting is called pyrolysis, and is used for many different processes.  By using pyrolysis, the tire shreds are broken down into their three basic components: carbon black char, steel radials and oil/gas. From a single tire, approximately 1/3 of the weight is steel, 1/3 becomes pyro black (carbon black plus additives) and the final 1/3 is oil/gas.  The products from the tire pyrolysis system are carbon black char, oil (similar to number 2 grade fuel oil), steel and non-condensable gases. The tire pyrolysis system consists of an indirectly fired rotary kiln, steel recovery, char handling, grinding & pelletizing circuit, oil condensing system and gas cleaning system.  The system is designed to operate 24 hours per day, 7 days per week. This product line system offers a true recycling solution to the large amount of rubber used in tires and industrial products. Recycled materials can be used to make new rubber products.

RAH-Worldwide Technology is implementing the systems that also can generate electricity through an embedded turbine. The systems can be directly reuses at the plant and collectively feed back to the electrical grid.  All in all, we can produce and sell Fuel, Carbon Black, Steel Wire and electricity just using one Pyrolysis plant.

Pyrolysis Process Outcome

Fuel – Diesel, Kerosene (Jet-Fuel), Syn-Gas (To reuse as burning agent for the plant and Turbine). 
Carbon Black - Carbon black is composed of fine particles consisting mainly of carbon.
Various features of carbon black are controlled in production by partially combusting oil or gases. Carbon black is widely used in various applications from black coloring pigment of newspaper inks to electric conductive agent of high-technology materials. Carbon black is a basic material with a long history, and it has been used as a coloring agent since the days before Christ. Since carbon black has nano-particles with various functions such as ultra-violet absorption and conductivity, it is still being applied to new fields such as electronic equipment and devices. Some applications of carbon black, which is a conventional yet new material, are shown below.
1 ) Coloring Agent for Ink and Paints
Carbon black has higher tinting strength compared to iron black or organic pigments, and is widely used for newspaper inks, printing inks, India inks, and paints. Carbon black is also used as black pigment for inkjet ink or toners.
2 ) Resin and Film Coloring Agents
Carbon black has high tinting strength and is thermally stable, and therefore it is suitable for coloring resins and films that are heat-formed. Carbon black is also excellent for absorbing ultraviolet light, providing both a superb resistance against ultraviolet rays and a coloring effect when just a small amount is mixed with resins. Carbon black is widely used for general coloring for resins and films. Resins with carbon black are used in automobile bumpers, wire coverings and steel pipe linings which require weather resistance in particular.
3 ) Electric Conductive Agent
Carbon black particles have the graphite-type crystalline structure, providing an excellent electric conductivity. Therefore, carbon black is widely used as conductive filler, being mixed in plastics, elastomer, paints, adhesives, films, and pastes. Fuel caps and fuel-introducing pipes of automobiles, for example, are required of electric conductivity for preventing static. Therefore, carbon black is used as an excellent antistatic agent.
4 ) Electronic Equipment Related Material
Carbon black also provides stable resistance, and therefore is used as electronic equipment related material in various display components, magnetic recording materials, and OA rolls.
Furthermore, Mitsubishi Chemical has been developing carbon black with various combined functions for special applications.
Steel Wire- Reusable steel for various purposes
Electricity – The attached turbine can produce various kW of electricity per day that can be sold to the local power company. 

Commercial Waste Pyrolysis Reactor Plant

10 Tons Capacity Pyrolysis Plant Reactor
Basic Overall Operations:

Supply Chains
- Continuous supply of waste materials are vital to ensures the operations can keep on going 24/7. Setup a team to collects the waste materials needed for the process.
- Offering local to join the efforts by accepting sources from them in term of plastic and tires waste in exchange with cash etc.

Operations Area (Scale depends on the capacity of the plant)
- Waste Materials Storage/Compound Area
- Pyrolysis Reactor Plant Area
- Electricity Grid Connections
- Outcome Materials Storage Area

Sales, Marketing and Distributions
Setting up sales and marketing department to ensures that all of the products outcome can be sold and generate money for the business. The distributions channels will help to send out all the materials to related parties.

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